July 1, 1867. The Constitution Act, 1867 is enacted, uniting the three separate colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a single Dominion within the British Empire called Canada.
July 2, 1788. The United States Constitution was ratified.
July 2, 1881. President James A. Garfield was shot as he entered a railway station in Washington, D.C. He died on September 19.