March 1, 2020 | SuzyQ
March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were ratified by Congress. Under the Articles, Congress was the sole governing body of the new American national government, which consisted of the 13 original states. They remained in effect throughout the Revolutionary War, until the U.S. Constitution was adopted in 1789.
March 1, 1974. Seven former high-ranking officials of the Nixon White House - including former chief of staff, H.R. Haldeman, top aide John Ehrichman, and former attorney general, John Mitchell - were indicted for conspiring to obstruct the investigation into the Watergate break-in.
March 4, 1933. Newly elected President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office and delivered his first inaugural address. Attempting to restore public confidence during the Great Depression, he stated, "Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself."" Roosevelt went on to be reelected to three more terms as president.
March 6, 1836. The Alamo fell to Mexican troops led by General Santa Anna. The The siege of the Texas fort had begun on February 23rd, and ended with the death of the last defender.
March 11, 1918. The 'Spanish' influenza first reached America when over one hundred soldiers become sick at Fort Riley, Kansas. Eventually one quarter of the U.S. population would become ill from the deadly virus, resulting in 500,000 deaths. Worldwide, nearly 22 million would die from the disease by the end of the decade.
March 12, 1888. The Northeastern United States was struck by the Great Blizzard of '88, paralyzing the East Coast from the Chesapeake Bay to Maine. The storm lasted 36 hours and the snowfall totaled over 40 inches in New York City, where over 400 persons died as a result of the storm.
March 15, 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was assassinated in the Senate chamber in Rome by Brutus and several fellow conspirators. Caesar was then the dictator of the Roman Republic, having recently been declared "dictator perpetuo" by the Senate, making several senators fear that he wanted to overthrow the Senate in favor of tyranny. Beware the Ides of March!
March 16, 1968. The My Lai Massacre was committed during the Vietnam War, as American soldiers of Charlie Company murdered 504 Vietnamese men, women, and children. Twenty-five U.S. Army officers were later charged with complicity in the massacre and subsequent cover-up, but only one was convicted.
March 23, 1933. Hitler became dictator of Germany with the passage of Hitler's Enabling Act. Officially called the "Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich," it in effect voted democracy out of existence in Germany and established the legal dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. The vote was taken – 441 for, and only 84 against. Democracy was ended.
March 23, 1775. Patrick Henry's speech before the Second Virginia Convention in Richmond, ignited the American Revolution. He was quoted as stating, "I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!"
March 25, 1807. The British Parliament abolished the slave trade.
March 25, 1911. A raging fire erupted inside a garment factory in New York City killed 123 young women employed as low-paid seamstresses at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in lower Manhattan. The fast-spreading flames engulfed the 8th and 9th floors in just a few minutes. About 50 of the victims jumped to their deaths rather than perish from the flames.
March 26, 1979. Prime Minster Menachem Begin of Israel and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed a treaty of mutual recognition and peace - the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty. This followed the 1978 Camp David Accords, which had been fostered by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.